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Skill development has been the mantra of the Nitish Kumar government. With a focus on the overall progress of the state, the chief minister initiated a large number of skill development programs to benefit Bihar’s youth, women, and backward communities. The programs have equipped communities to meet their livelihood needs and bolstered the skills of Bihar’s youth to meet the challenges of the next decade.

Measures:

  • Reorganized the National Rural Livelihood Mission for implementation of Aajeevila Skills, a livelihood skills program, and Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran, a project for female farmers empowerment.
  • Extended the National Rural Livelihood Mission via the JEEVIKA Project to 534 blocks of 38 districts in all of Bihar.
  • Initiated the Bihar Skill Development Mission under the chairmanship of Chief Minister Nitish Kumar to focus on skill development of Bihar’s youth with the target of skill development of 1 crore youth in 5 years.
  • Organized 24,769 Farmer Field Schools for skill development in agriculture.
  • Established a Rural Self Employment Training Institute to provide employment training to poor youth.
  • Established skill-training program on textile design for handloom weavers.
  • Extended the scope of the Mukhyamantri Nari Shakti Yojana to provide skill training to victims of domestic violence.
  • Established the Sabla program in 12 districts in 2011-12 for empowering young girls through skill development training.
  • Created the Gyan Jyoti program for imparting vocational training to girls.
  • Created the Dashrath Manjhi Kaushal Vikas Yojana to improve socio-economic condition of Mahadalit Community through skill development training.
  • Pushed through initiatives for inclusion of innovative trades and occupations at Women Industrial Training Institution in all blocks of the state.
  • Established 1 industrial training institute and 2 skill-development centers in extremism-affected districts so that youth can learn skills and be mainstreamed.
  • Created initiatives for skill development of communities under the Border Area Development Plan, such as computer training, language training, and skills like motor repair or driving.
  • Established the National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology near Patna to train over 40,000 youth in IT skills.
  • Added more Industrial Training Institutes at the sub-divisional and block level, with plans to build skill development centers in each gram panchayat.

Moving forward, the chief minister has pledged to implement the “Bihar Kaushal Vikas Mission” in order to strengthen skills of the state’s citizens. Under the plan, the government aims to provide employment-oriented training in different fields to 1 crore people during the next 5 years.

The government’s focus on skill development has brought relief to many young people, women, and backward communities—along with the overall development of the citizens of Bihar.

Achievements & Impact: 

  • Under the Rural Self Employment Training Institute, 89,416 candidates have been trained in different trades.
  • A total of 5.16 lakh farmers and extension workers were trained in the Farmer Field Schools between 2005 and 2014.
  • Under the JEEVIKA skill development program, 72,697 rural youths have been trained.
  • Under the JEEVIKA project, 3.76 lakh self help groups have been created.
  • Under the JEEVIKA project, 15,224 village organizations and 261 clusters have been formed with credit-linkage of 1,25,822 groups.
  • Loans worth 586.32 crore rupees has been distributed under the JEEVIKA project.
  • Over 18.2 lakh girls have benefitted from the Sabla program in 2014-15 alone.
  • Under the Gyan Jyoti program, 72,000 girls received training in local vocational training and 76,000 girls in theatre skills.
  • A total of 83,792 Mahadalit youth have been trained under the Dashrath Manjhi Kausahl Vikas Yojana with an expenditure of 43.56 crore for training in different trades.
  • The number of Industrial Training Institutes increased from 29 in 2007 to 65. Similarly, private Industrial Training Institutes have now increased to 750.
  • Under the Border Area Development Plan, 7413 people were trained in skills such as computer, motor driving, Madhubani painting, and other local trades.

 With a sustained focus on skill development and employment, Nitish Kumar’s government has worked hard to empower Bihar’s citizens by equipping them with livelihood skills and vocational and other kinds of training. The government’s plans and projects currently underway will continue to reap benefits for millions of people for the foreseeable future.

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